surprise


surprise
[[t]sə(r)pra͟ɪz[/t]]
♦♦
surprises, surprising, surprised
1) N-COUNT: oft N to n A surprise is an unexpected event, fact, or piece of news.

I have a surprise for you: We are moving to Switzerland!...

It may come as a surprise to some that a normal, healthy child is born with many skills...

It is perhaps no surprise to see another 60s singing star attempting a comeback.

ADJ: ADJ n
Surprise is also an adjective.

Baxter arrived here this afternoon, on a surprise visit... German intelligence expected Japan to launch a surprise attack on the US, and Pearl Harbor was the likely target.

2) N-UNCOUNT Surprise is the feeling that you have when something unexpected happens.

The Foreign Office in London has expressed surprise at these allegations...

`You mean he's going to vote against her?' Scobie asked in surprise...

I started working hard for the first time in my life. To my surprise, I found I liked it.

3) VERB If something surprises you, it gives you a feeling of surprise.

[V n] We'll solve the case ourselves and surprise everyone...

[it V n that/if] It surprised me that a driver of Alain's experience should make those mistakes...

[it V n that/if] It wouldn't surprise me if there was such chaos after this election that another had to be held...

[V pron-refl] They were served lamb and rosemary and she surprised herself by eating greedily.

4) VERB If you surprise someone, you give them, tell them, or do something pleasant that they are not expecting.

[V n with n] Surprise a new neighbour with one of your favourite home-made dishes. [Also V n]

5) N-COUNT If you describe someone or something as a surprise, you mean that they are very good or pleasant although you were not expecting this.

...Senga MacFie, one of the surprises of the World Championships three months ago...

My father decided to slip a little extra spending money into my purse as a surprise.

6) VERB If you surprise someone, you attack, capture, or find them when they are not expecting it.

[V n] Marlborough led his armies across the Rhine and surprised the French and Bavarian armies near the village of Blenheim.

7) See also , surprising
8) PHRASE: PHR with cl (feelings) You can say `surprise, surprise' if you disapprove of something because it is not surprising or original, or could easily have been predicted.

There is a shortage of carrots. So everybody starts growing carrots. Next season, surprise, surprise, there is a glut of carrots.

9) PHRASE You can say `surprise, surprise' if you meet someone you know or give them something when they are not expecting it. [SPOKEN]

He came back in as I was heading up to the shower. `Surprise, surprise,' he said.

10) PHRASE: V inflects If something takes you by surprise, it happens when you are not expecting it or when you are not prepared for it.

His question took his two companions by surprise...

Whenever it snows in Britain we are taken by surprise.


English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • surprise — [ syrpriz ] n. f. • XVIe; « impôt extraordinaire » XIIe; de surprendre 1 ♦ Vx Action par laquelle on prend ou l on est pris à l improviste. « La Surprise de l amour », comédie de Marivaux. 2 ♦ Vx Action d attaquer à l improviste. ♢ (1549) Mod.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Surprise — is something that is unsuspected. Surprise may refer to:Unsuspected things* Surprise (emotion) * Surprise party, a party of which the honored person is not told of beforehand. * Surprise factor, the fundamental element in humor that puts a twist… …   Wikipedia

  • Surprise — ist der Name verschiedener Orte in den USA: Surprise (Arizona) Surprise (Indiana) Surprise (Kalifornien) Surprise (Nebraska) Surprise (New York) Surprise (Virginia) Surprise (Tennessee) sowie: ein Schweizer Straßenmagazin (siehe Surprise… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • surprise — vb 1 Surprise, waylay, ambush are comparable when they mean to attack unawares. Surprise is in military as well as in general use. As a technical term it implies strategy in the disposition and movement of troops and equipment and secrecy in the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surprise — Surprise. s. f. Action par laquelle on surprend. Il s est rendu maistre de cette Place par surprise. il s est servi de surprise autant que de force. c est une estrange surprise. il faut se garder des surprises des chicaneurs. Surprise, se prend… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • surprise — sur·prise n 1: a condition or situation in which a party to a proceeding is unexpectedly placed without any fault or neglect of his or her own and that entitles the party to relief (as a new trial) 2: an aspect of procedural unconscionability… …   Law dictionary

  • Surprise — Surprise, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 44 Housing Units (2000): 22 Land area (2000): 0.399762 sq. miles (1.035380 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.399762 sq. miles (1.035380 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • surprise — [sər prīz′, sə prīz′] vt. surprised, surprising [ME surprysen < OFr surpris, pp. of sorprendre, to surprise, take napping < sur (see SUR 1) + prendre, to take (see PRIZE2)] 1. to come upon suddenly or unexpectedly; take unawares 2. to at …   English World dictionary

  • Surprise — Sur*prise , n. [F. surprise, fr. surprendre, surpris; sur over + prendre to take, L. prehendere. See {Sur }, and {Prehensile}.] 1. The act of coming upon, or taking, unawares; the act of seizing unexpectedly; surprisal; as, the fort was taken by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surprise — Sur*prise , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surprised}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Surprising}.] [From {Surprise}, n.: cf. F. surprendre, p. p. surpris.] 1. To come or fall suddenly and unexpectedly; to take unawares; to seize or capture by unexpected attack. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surprise — [n] something amazing; state of amazement abruptness, amazement, astonishment, astoundment, attack, awe, bewilderment, bombshell*, consternation, curiosity, curveball*, disappointment, disillusion, eye opener*, fortune, godsend*, incredulity,… …   New thesaurus


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